The short answer to this question is: YES. In fact, most people in heaven will not inherit the kingdom of God (Yah). Now, to many christians, such an assertion is completely foreign, because so many of their so-called “experts” tell them that the two kingdoms are the same thing. But, they are not.
In Luke 17, Messiah was with His disciples, and the Pharisees had asked Him when the kingdom of Yah would come, and He explained to His disciples that the kingdom of Yah would not be something that is physically observable, but that it would be “within you.”
When Messiah explained to His disciples how to pray, He said, “Thy kingdom come [His Father’s kingdom—the kingdom of Yah], Thy will be done on earth as it is in [the kingdom of] heaven.” He spoke of them as two different things. He didn’t pray that the kingdom of heaven would come, for that would be illogical and impossible. No, He prayed that the kingdom of Yah would come.
And, it did—we see it in Acts 2. The kingdom of Yah is His dwelling place, and on the earth, Yah’s Spirit indwells Messiah’s bride. In eternity, the bride is the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:2), which comes down from heaven and hovers above the new earth. Actually, the New Jerusalem is the union of the bride and the Bridegroom, and is the dwelling place of the Father. His glory will shine through it to light the new earth.
The New Jerusalem is foreshadowed by the Ark of the Covenant, which contained Aaron’s budding rod (Yah’s power), some manna (Yah’s provision), and the Ten Commandments (Yah’s covenant). Sitting atop the Ark was the Mercy Seat, which is a foreshadow of Messiah.
So, the New Jerusalem, which is the bride and the Bridegroom, indwelt by the Father, is the kingdom of Yah. It is the sanctuary WITHIN the kingdom of heaven. Most people who will be in heaven will dwell on the new earth, as the bride is a relatively small number of people compared to all believers throughout all of human history (past, present, and future).
Also excluded from within the sanctuary will be those of the bride who do not strive to be holy, which is to sacrifice the flesh (denying the flesh and its sins). They will have to remain “outside the gates” of the sanctuary, which means they will be on the new earth—they will not have access into the sanctuary to experience the glory of Yah firsthand. They will not inherit the kingdom of Yah.
When christianity conflates the two kingdoms, falsely stating they are the same thing, it then tends to give christians a false weapon against others by using passages like 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 to condemn others to hell because they are sinning differently than the accusing christian does. Thus, the drunks, the homos, the adulterers, and the liars are excluded from their christian heaven, because they are committing sins of the flesh.
The biggest problem those christians have with their Pharisaical condemnations is that ALL humans commit sins of the flesh—believers and unbelievers alike. As Paul said, believers war against the flesh until they take off the corruptible (the flesh) and put on the incorruptible. The quest to be holy, as He is holy, is a lifelong battle against the flesh, but believers are not free from the flesh until they are glorified.
Those who are made righteous by the Holy Spirit have the gift of eternal life—they will be in heaven. BUT, those who make themselves holy (sanctify themselves by the sacrifice of their flesh) will inherit the kingdom of Yah—they will be given access into the sanctuary to experience, firsthand, the glory of the Father.
The Father, the Son, and the Bride (those who posses the Holy Spirit—the covenant) are foreshadowed in the matza tash in the Seder—the three dwelling together in the kingdom of Yah. The matza tash is a linen cloth with three pockets, into which are placed three loaves of unleavened bread.
The center loaf is removed and broken—the larger piece is hidden within the home, to be found during the Seder by the children (the child who finds it is given a reward). The smaller piece gets placed back into its pocket with the other two. The larger piece hidden within the home represents the fact that Messiah was more human than divine while on the earth (Hebrews 2:7-9).
Those who are saved, but are not the bride (OT saints, tribulation saints, and millennial saints) will dwell upon the new earth, they will not inherit the kingdom of Yah. Only the bride can inherit the kingdom of Yah.
Those who inherit the kingdom of Yah are necessarily in the kingdom of heaven, but not everyone in the kingdom of heaven will inherit the kingdom of Yah.
For more information: Do Sinners Go to Heaven?